Romans, Vikings and Anglo-Saxons
Wednesday 26 July, 2017
10:00 to 12:00 and 1:30 to 3:30
Come and have a go at our Archaeology crafts day. Try our Roman Mosaics, Anglo-Saxon beads, Viking boats and more!
Don’t forget to have a go at our museum trail.
Small charge of £2 to take part in the crafts. No booking required.
If you’ve ever wondered what a Collections and Interpretation Intern gets up to, have a nosey into Ellie’s day on Thursday 23 March 2017:
I began my day with a focus on interpretation – I’m making 8 portable pop-up exhibition banners which will introduce Rutland (its origins as the smallest county in Britain; its history e.g. Battle of Empingham; predominant events e.g. construction of Rutland Water). Specifically on this day, I located images from the museum’s Local Studies archive for my exhibition graphics like this one of Victorian Ketton:
For added effect and to avoid the photo pixelating when I stretched it to A1 size, I removed the background and altered it to have this modern-looking ‘cut out’ effect:
Here’s a sneak peak of one exhibition banner (albeit unfinished) I’ve made with an old adapted Rutland photograph as a border:
I found out lots of interesting social history facts which I interweaved into my exhibition: did you know that straw beehives called skeps were used during the Victorian period? They didn’t allow for the inspection of bee diseases and parasites and so were replaced by more modern hives. To get the honey out of even earlier hives (e.g. pre-1800s – though, 9000 year old pottery vessel beehives have been found in north Africa!) the whole colony was destroyed – at least the Victorian ones were better than this.
Villagers in Rutland using skeps.
The museum’s fantastic volunteer Marion then arrived to help with collections. We are doing a collections audit of all our archaeology. This involves checking the location of thousands of objects. We then photograph them, measure them, document any extra information (e.g. provenance), and check their condition to see if they need to be sent for conservation.
Here’s a lovely Bronze Age socketed spear head in good condition that we came across. Attached to the artefact is a very useful label; because our artefacts originally came from many different collectors over the last 66 years and were accessioned (accepted into Rutland County Museum’s collection) by many different curators, the amount and type of information written varies considerably – most of the time we do lots of detective work. Today the museum has a structured accession policy which makes it very easy to find out useful information about any object.
Objects myself and Marion particularly enjoyed documenting this day was this small collection of Roman pots – they cracked in the potter’s kiln and were consequently discarded. We can even see that their bottoms were smoothed. It’s nice working with objects like this because although they’re not functional or beautiful, they show a behavioural sequence/snapshot of an individual – showcasing everyday Roman life. I wonder if the first Romans who lived at Clipsham Villa in Rutland liked it here? How did our clay differ for the potter?
My manager Lorraine thought it would be good for me to get some hands-on conservation/cleaning experience and so to the stores we went. Our taxidermy husky is being loaned out of the museum to go on display and so we want him looking his best. Preparing the museum hoover (which reminds me of Ghost Busters), we attached a thin piece of material with small holes onto the vacuum head. This allowed us to catch any big pieces of the specimen that could have fallen off. I’m wearing gloves as it’s likely this specimen contains arsenic! In Victorian times this was one of the principal substances used in the preparation of skins for taxidermy. As the Yellow Earl’s favourite pet, this specimen is old and so I took care and my time to clean him with small strokes. I then completed a condition survey where I pointed out what was missing from the specimen (most of 1 ear and a few toe nails) and patches with scarce fur: this is to inform the museum he is going to. My colleague Emma said that the school children below on their school trip asked why I was shaving a wolf. This made me laugh.
I got thinking about this Oakham Earl and did some research. He loved yellow and was the first president of the Automobile Association (AA). His name was given to the Lonsdale brand. He explored arctic Canada in 1888 and donated Inuit artefacts to the British Museum – it’s a shame Rutland County Museum wasn’t around at this time! We could have had some anthropology in our collection.
It was then time for me to go home – all in a day’s work! I absolutely love my job. I love working with objects and learning new things and I especially love passing this on to others. My role enables me to do all of these simultaneously; it’s the perfect job for me.
If you’d like to find out what else I get up to, please follow me on Twitter: @elliesarahcoope
Written by Collections and Interpretation Intern, Ellie Cooper:
Walking on a beach, do you stop to admire a nice looking rock? I do. I have a nice shiny Tanzanian rock sitting on my bookshelf – every time I look at it I am flooded with fond memories of my travels. Victorians liked to do this too. They particularly liked those they thought to be hand axes. Before the Victorians and before the Stone Age was known to exist, some people thought that stone tools were the remnants of lightning bolts. Some even thought they were Roman: woolly mammoth bones with a stone tool were found in London and deemed Roman elephants from the time of Emperor Claudius. Eventually, the antiquity of humanity was realised and a classification system for stone tools arose. People longed to find older and older tools – tools which were indicative of the origins of tool making and the earliest humans. The Victorians were finding thousands of very crude tools and these were popping up in museums everywhere. The problem was, they couldn’t distinguish between humanly -worked stone and those modified by natural processes like falling off a cliff. These are called eoliths. Eoliths typically have fractures and look usefully sharp and so were widely accepted as artefactual. This was becoming an important issue as the presence of eoliths in very early Stone Age sediments was being used to prove that ancient humans were in Britain from 5.3 million years ago. Relating to nationalism, Britain was yearning to be the centre of the world and the evolutionary ‘birth place’ of mankind and tools as ancient as 5.3 million years, made Britain this piece of the puzzle.
Presumably not liking Britain taking this limelight, French prehistorian Marcellin Boule argued his theory in 1905 that eoliths were stones modified by natural processes like frost and mechanical shattering. It wasn’t until the 1930s however that eoliths were objectively demonstrated and generally agreed that their characteristics were homogenous with natural formation processes. Today it’s known that the earliest humanly-modified stones are found in Africa and are 3.3 million years old.
So how do we decide what’s a real stone tool?
Many decades of scientific study and experimental archaeology highlights humanly-modified stone exhibit:
1) A bulb of percussion and conchoidal fracture(s). This arises from the elasticity of the flint.
2) Facets on the flattish faces of the stone
What do eoliths mean for museums?
What do we do with these naturally ‘manufactured’ stones? I wrote this blog as I recently came across one when working in the stores at Rutland County Museum:
The British Museum among others holds many eoliths. Obviously these are using up lots of space which real hand axes could have. However, these stones can provide us with valuable and interesting information. Information can be revealed about the collector as well as the history of stone tool classification. The fact our predecessors had this debate about the authenticity of these stone tools is interesting. These objects are then part of the history of ideas which museums are here to tell.
What do you think the smaller museums should do? I think eoliths shed light on an important episode of Palaeolithic Archaeology. Typically, the smaller museum isn’t burdened by thousands of these stones so they’re not too much of a problem. Some museums have audited the eoliths and kept a small representative sample and have disposed of the rest. I’ve seen eolith museum gardens featured on the internet. Of which small plaques could then inform museum users the stories behind them.
For now, Rutland County Museum’s eolith is safe on the shelf.
Look out for the museum’s First World War ‘pop-up’ display which will be touring around the county’s libraries from February until May 2017. The display honours and remembers local men that fought and died during the conflict. It also features original artefacts including souvenirs, postcards and trench art. The display can be seen at these libraries during normal opening times:
Uppingham Library: Tuesday 7th February – Saturday 4th March
Ketton Library: Wednesday 8th March – Saturday 1st April
Ryhall Library: Thursday 6th April – Saturday 6th May
Ellie Cooper, our Museum Intern, shares her love for prehistory:
Prior to my role as a Collections and Interpretation Intern at Rutland County Museum I did not know much about Rutland. Admittedly, I presumed it was part of Leicestershire. Now understanding it’s the smallest county in England and given its rich history, I thought it would be great to share what I’m learning through a blog. My interests lie heavily with the Old Stone Age and so I will begin here with the Palaeolithic. This is the earliest prehistoric period — think before iron, before bronze, before farming and permanent settlements. Importantly, this was a time when people lived off the land, utilising natural resources from their environment – making stone tools much like The Flintstones!
It’s worth bearing in mind that compared to other counties, little is known about Rutland’s Palaeolithic: Rutland has no caves which make ideal preservation areas for archaeology to last the centuries.
Ancient humans occupied southern Britain intermittently from nearly 1 million years ago (800,000 years)! Though not like us, they were actually quite close to ‘becoming’ human. Living in Rutland was impossible until 130,000 years ago as a huge ice sheet covered the county before then. Rutland’s earliest evidence for ‘human’ occupation comes from [the more recent] Upper Palaeolithic [roughly between 50,000-10,000 years ago]. This was a time when modern humans made it to Britain over the ‘land bridge’ that connected us to the continent – a time when the climate warmed.
Here are some bullet points to help you get your head around the dates; the gaps are during really, really cold times when Britain was un-inhabitable during parts of the ‘Ice Age’:
Period 1 (950,000 – 450,000 years ago): Cromerian and Intra-Anglian
Period 2 (450,000 – 250,000 years ago) Pre-Levallois
Period 3 (250,000 – 150,000 years ago) Levallois
Period 4 (60,000 – 40,000 years ago) Mousterian [Neanderthals]
Period 5a (40,000 – 27,000 years ago) Early Upper Palaeolithic [Modern Humans]
Period 5b: (13,000 – 9,500 BC) Late Upper Palaeolithic
Rutland’s early Upper Palaeolithic site: GLASTON
In 2000, archaeologists unearthed Stone Age animal bones and flints from Glaston. Finding a particular spear tip (flint leaf point) provided the find’s early Upper Palaeolithic date: tools of this type date in the lab to around 30,000 years old. This was a time when Rutland’s inhabitants likely included 2 species of human: us and Neanderthals. This makes it really hard to determine who the maker of this tool was!
Here, the treeless landscape allowed herds of herbivorous animals to roam. Excitingly Rutland County Museum contains fossils of woolly rhino, bison, horse, reindeer and woolly mammoth. Our hunter-gatherer ancestors did not however live an easy life with spotted hyena, cave lions, wolves, and cave bears around. I’m yet to spot these in the stores.
Glaston produced few flint tools but the ones it did were fresh – they hadn’t be used many times before. It makes sense then that it’s recognised as a temporary hunting camp; a place where people on the move would have hunted and consumed meat which we know was horse! The bones tell us that they were extracting their very nutritious bone marrow too – I’m yet to try it but keep spotting it in supermarkets.
Hyena also inhabited the site before or after the people left: they dug their own dens in the soft sands. The gnawed bones tell us the hyenas too enjoyed a feast. Our ancestors must have interacted with hyenas sometimes – I wonder if these relationships came near to those we’ve recently watched on BBC’s Planet Earth 2?
Rutland’s Terminal Palaeolithic site: LAUNDE
Around 20,000 years later the site of Launde was used as a short term ‘home’ by our ancestors. This wasn’t a cave but an open air place, so it’s possible a shelter was made. The 3000 pieces of ‘fresh’ flint tools / debris among a central hearth suggest it was a place for stone tool manufacturing and maintenance. Nearly all of these tools are left unfinished. Did something happen that made these people leave the site in a hurry? Probably not – Launde’s boulder clay geology would have provided much flint: Flint would have been so easy to come by that tools may have been left behind as more could easily be produced. Launde would have been a great location for overlooking prey across a wide plateau – providing similarly good views for intercepting prey like at Glaston.
If you’ve been interested in Rutland’s ‘Flintstones’, take a trip to Rutland County Museum to see some of the Stone Age for yourself!
We always love to see visitors at the Museum, but we know how disappointing it is when you visit and we’re not open.
This year with Oakham library joining us while their building is refurbished things will be a little different.
To help the library move in we will be closed on Monday 19th and Tuesday 20th December.
The good news is that we will then be open for extended hours starting on Weds 21st December:
Wednesday 21st December : 9.30 – 17.00
Thursday 22nd : 9.30 – 17.00
Friday 23rd : 9.30 – 15.30
Saturday 24th to Tuesday 27th – Closed
Wednesday 28th : 9.30 – 17.00
Thursday 29th : 9.30 – 17.00
Friday 30th : 9.30 – 15.30
Saturday 31st : 9.30 – 16.00
Sunday 1st & Monday 2nd – Closed
Tuesday 3rd January : 9.30 – 17.00
Our regular hours will then be
Monday – Friday : 9.30 – 17.00
Saturday : 9.30 – 16.00
We have a new member of staff, Ellie Cooper. Funded by Arts Council England and in conjunction with Culture Syndicates, Ellie will work as a collections and interpretation intern at the museum:
“Having completed a MSc in Palaeoanthropology and Palaeolithic Archaeology, I am enthused by prehistory and cannot wait to get involved with Rutland’s vast archaeology.
During my time here I will help to complete a collections review which will ensure that all items held in the museum are relevant to the museum and users. This will include:
- Confirming the location of each item within museum (behind the scenes)
- Ensuring each item has an up-to-date description
- Compiling a list of priorities for conservation
I will also be contributing to the design and content of new exhibition banners in the Old Riding School which will explore specific Rutland history (e.g. The Battle of Empingham) – something the museum has just been granted funding for by Arts Council England and Museum Development East Midlands.
So far, the most enigmatic object I’ve found is a dorsal fin spine of a c.160 million year extinct shark (Asteracanthus ornatissimus). Though, I can’t quite seem to escape from my ice age interests (my passion for museums began in one that revolved around Ice Age topics): the museum exhibits several mammoth fossils, one being a tooth. I like to imagine c.14 foot mammoths in Rutland. I’m still dumbfounded by the size of mammoth teeth – they grew 5-6 sets in their lifetime!
I hope my contribution will make a difference: In completing these duties it is hoped that the museum will contain more meaningful collections – enabling Rutland’s history to be available and accessible to current and future visitors.”
Oakham Library is being refurbished between December 2016 and summer 2017 and will be closed to the public while this work takes place.
Don’t worry. During this time, library services will continue by moving a short distance down the road to the Rutland County Museum.
The library building will be closed from: Thursday 15th December 2016
The museum-based library service will open on: Wednesday 21st December 2016
Refurbishment work is due to be completed by summer 2017, when the service will move back to the Oakham Library.
Why not take a break from the Christmas shopping and enjoy some festive crafts? We have two Saturday sessions coming up:
Countdown to Christmas
Saturday 26 November, 1.30-3.30pm
Start counting down to Christmas and make a snowman ‘clock’ and Christmas tree and Nativity themed advent calendars. Also create some colourful and unique Christmas cards. £1 per child.
Let it Snow!
Saturday 17 December, 1.30-3.30pm
Add a personal touch to your festive decorations and make a range of Santa, snowmen and snowflake themed baubles and gift bags. £1 per child.
All workshops are suitable for children 4-10 years. No need to book, just drop in. All children must be accompanied by an adult.
We continue our series of lectures with Peter Liddle on the archaeology of Rutland and Leicestershire. Having looked previously at the Romans and the Normans we’ve now reached Medieval times.
Peter is the former County Archaeologist for Leicester and Rutland and always provides an informative and entertaining lecture.
Lectures take place on Thursdays, commence at 2pm and run until about 4pm or a little after, depending on encores. Prior booking is useful but not essential. You can attend the whole course or come to individual lectures.
September 8th: Medieval Villages and fields.
September 15th: Medieval Leicester, market towns and industry.
September 22nd: Castles and Manor Houses.
September 29th: The Church: Parish churches and chapels.
October 6th: The Church: Religious Houses and pilgrimage.
October 13th: The Tudors and the end of the medieval period.
Price: £30 for the series or £6 per lecture (Refreshments included)
To book your place e-mail email@example.com or phone (0116) 2214508 or 07842 120817 or contact the Museum on 01572 758440.
Looking for something to do with the children during the school holidays? The museum has a varied programme of craft based workshops running every Wednesday from the 27th July through to the 24th August. Look on our Events page or download the leaflet here: Leaflet SummerHols 2016
Rutland County Museum is undertaking a collection review of all objects in its reserve collection. The objects in the review include the mixed social history and the archaeology collection. A small team from a company called Culture Syndicates are working with museum staff to review all the objects within its stores.
Collections review and rationalisation is part of effective collections management. We hope that the review will
help us to
- Ensure that the collections are relevant to the museum’s Collections Development Plan
- Maximise storage space
- Ensuring collections are of high quality and relevant to users
- Enhance knowledge and information about the collections and improve documentation
- Identifying objects that can be used in handling collections
- Identifying objects that can be used within our temporary exhibition programme
- Identifying objects that may be more suitable in other museum collections.
The museum has over 12,000 objects in its stores and therefor this project will take many months to complete. We shall be keeping you informed of the work being undertaken on our Twitter and Facebook pages so please do take a look and see what we are currently working on.
If you have any queries or questions about the review at all, please do email us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Our new exhibition gives an insight in to day-to-day life in a Rutland village during The Great War and its effects.
The exhibition is a joint presentation by Langham Village History Group and Rutland County Museum and is in conjunction The Lord Lieutenant’s Committee for the Commemoration of the Great War.
The exhibition runs until Sat 11th June.
Admission is Free. Open Monday, Wednesday, Friday & Saturday 10am – 4pm (closed Bank Holidays)
The Anglo Saxons in Leicestershire and Rutland
Rutland County Museum is pleased to announce another series of 6 lectures on local archaeology presented by Peter Liddle MBE.
This time he will be focussing on the Anglo-Saxon heritage of the area.
All lectures are on Thursdays from 2pm to 4pm, you are welcome to attend the whole course or just come to individual lectures.
April 14th: The Saxon Conquest
April 21st: Early Anglo-Saxon settlements
April 28th: Early Anglo-Saxon burial
May 5th – No Lecture
May 12th: The Mercian Period – church and state
May 19th: The Viking invasion and the Danelaw
May 26th: Late Saxon Leicestershire and the Norman Conquest
Price is £30 for the series or £6 per lecture. – Tea / Coffee and Biscuits are included in the price.
Bookings: e-mail email@example.com or phone (0116) 2214508 or 07842 120817.
We would like to thank all of the families that took part in our February Half Term craft sessions. Over 230 of you came to make a range of crafts to celebrate the Chinese New Year of the Monkey. We received lots of positive comments including this one:
“To you all, just to tell you how much our grandaughters enjoyed the ‘Monkey Around’ event last week. It was an absolute pleasure to spend last Wednesday morning at the Museum. So well organised and good to see the event so well supported. As ever it was a highlight of the week! Thank you.” (Mr and Mrs H.)
Here is a sample of the work produced during the workshop - we certainly have some very talented artists in Rutland!
Our newest exhibition was formally unveiled today, marking the fact that Rutland is currently bidding to be the earthquake centre of the UK. Thanks to the generosity of the Leicester Literary and Philosophical Society and with the help and advice of the University of Leicester and the British Geological Survey we have a working seismometer together with a screen to display earth movements as they happen. We also have a Jump Pad, where you can be your own earthquake.
It’s seen here being given some testing prior to its official opening.
Rutland County Museum will be hosting a series of 6 lectures on the archaeology of the Roman period with an emphasis on East Leicestershire and Rutland, presented by Peter Liddle MBE – former County Archaeologist for Leicestershire.
All lectures are on Thursdays from 2pm to approximately 4pm, prior booking is preferred but not essential. You can attend the whole course or just come to individual lectures.
Future Lectures :
8th October – Roman Leicester,
15th October – Roads, Industry and Market Towns,
29th October – Roman Countryside,
5th November – Roman Religion and Burial,
12th November – The End of Roman Leicestershire and Rutland.
Price: £6 per lecture. Tea / Coffee and Biscuits included.
Bookings: e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org or phone (0116) 2214508 or 07842 120817.
Our new exhibition offers a taste of life in the 1950′s locally and in Britain as a whole.
Harold Mcmillian is famously quoted as proclaiming “You’ve Never Had It So Good” – was he right, visit our exhibition and decide.
The exhibition runs until Sat 26th Sept. Admission is Free.
Letters from the Front:
Frezenberg & The Leicestershire Yeomanry
Our new exhibition commemorates the 100th anniversary of The Battle of Frezenberg Ridge, which took place between the 8th to 13th May 1915, and those that fought and died there.
Find out what life was like for the Leicestershire Yeomanry as they prepared for life on the front line, as told through some of the letters sent by Lt Colonel P.C. Evans-Freke to his family.
The exhibition runs until Sat 13th June. Admission is Free.
Rutland County Museum will be hosting a series of 6 lectures on local archaeology with an emphasis on Rutland, presented by Peter Liddle MBE.
All lectures are on Thursdays from 2pm to 4pm, prior booking is preferred but not essential.
You can attend the whole course or just come to individual lectures.
April 16th: Early Prehistoric Leicestershire and Rutland
April 23rd: Late Bronze Age and Iron Age Leicestershire and Rutland
April 30th: Roman Leicestershire and Rutland
May 7th: Early Anglo-Saxon Leicestershire and Rutland
May 14th: Mercian, Viking and Norman Leicestershire and Rutland
May 21st: Medieval Leicestershire and Rutland
Price: £30 for the series or £6 per lecture.
Tea / Coffee and Biscuits included.
Bookings: e-mail email@example.com or phone (0116) 2214508 or 07842 120817.
Aimed at young artists aged 11-18 who live or are at school in Rutland, works inspired by the theme ‘Through the window, I saw…’ are represented in the categories of painting, drawing, ceramics and sculpture.
The museum would like to thank everyone that attended the half term craft activities and helped us to achieve record numbers! Over 120 attended our ‘Mad Hatters’ themed sessions during the first week of the holidays and over 250 took part in our various Halloween activites in the second week.
We are delighted to say that the 1899 Decauville, originally owned by George Phillips and recently seen on BBC1′s ‘Inside Out’, is now on loan to Rutland County Museum over the winter.
The veteran Decauville sports Rutland’s oldest surviving registration number, FP4, and has regularly taken part in the London to Brighton Run.
This is a rare opportunity to see a vehicle of this period and we are grateful to its owner for lending it to the Museum.
First World War Centenary Commemoration Project
Rutland and the Great War
“a lasting tribute to a great and noble part”
A high quality new edition of George Phillips’ major work ‘Rutland and the Great War’ has been produced to commemorate the centenary of the Great War. This 332 page hardback publication uses the original text of the 1920 edition, with enhanced pictures and illustrations.
This handsome book is available direct from Rutland County Museum. Tel: 01572 758440 or Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Alternatively copies may also be purchased online.
The Standard Copy is priced at £15 and a Deluxe Limited Edition Signed Copy is available priced at £20.